How to retrieve or set Path Selection Policy by vCLI

First of all, this article is nothing related to PowerCLI. :-)

You probably know how to set Path Selection Policy (PSP) by vSphere Client, but how you can setup 100 LUNs manually? We have some script can make your life easy.

How to retrieve LUN Path Selection Policy:

esxcli storage nmp device list | egrep “Device Display Name|Path Selection Policy:”


You will get a output like that:

Device Display Name: DGC Fibre Channel Disk (naa.600601602a102e0002cdf2a2596be211)
Path Selection Policy: VMW_PSP_RR


This script help you identify which LUN is what type of policy. Here tell you what is Path Selection Policy.

Next, let’s see how to modify these LUN PSP by script:
First, you should run following script to print out command for each LUN, don’t forget change the bold text to the PSP you prefer.

esxcli storage nmp device list | awk '/^naa/{print "esxcli storage nmp device set -d "$0" -PVMW_PSP_RR" };'


Then, copy the output to notepad and remove the local disk, for example following bold NAA indicates the LUN is a local HP disk.

esxcli storage nmp device set -d naa.600601602a102e008896dda81b88e211 -P VMW_PSP_RR
esxcli storage nmp device set -d naa.600601602a102e008861b28a596be211 -P VMW_PSP_RR
esxcli storage nmp device set -d naa.600601602a102e00560d8488b456e211 -P VMW_PSP_RR
esxcli storage nmp device set -d naa.600601602a102e00c4cd2600b456e211 -P VMW_PSP_RR
esxcli storage nmp device set -d naa.600508b1001c1e987243838af4c67891 -P VMW_PSP_RR
esxcli storage nmp device set -d naa.600601602a102e008c96dda81b88e211 -P VMW_PSP_RR


Last, copy modified text back to putty session, it will run the commands one by one.

Advertisements

How to retrieve RDM information by PowerCLI

I worked on move RDM LUNs of Microsoft Cluster virtual machine from one iGroup to another. To make sure the moving safe, we should record RDM LUN information before migration.

We had two VMs with almost 20 RDM LUNs, it’s pretty time consume to get the information manually, I used following script to retrieve information:

$RMDinfo = Get-HardDisk -VM virtual machine name -DiskType rawPhysical

$RDMinfo | select Parent,Filename,CapacityGB,ScsiCanonicalName,Name

 

Port Groups not Work with VLAN Tag on Cisco Switch

Few weeks ago, I tried to standardize networking of a cluster, there were 4 VLANs for production virtual machines, I binded the VLANs on one virtual switch which had 4 physical vmnic.

Then I created 4 port groups with different VLAN ID, but for some reason virtual machines unreachable via some vmnics. Network team verified port channel was good.

I tried on several ESXi 5.0 hosts in the cluster, all had same problem, finally we found that’s a Cisco switch bug….you could find detail information and work around here.

HP patching error after upgrade to Update Manager 5.1

If you installed “HP ESXi 5.0 Complete Bundle Update 1.6” via Update Manager 5.0, you would be able to see storage and power sub-system shows warning on HP server, that’s because some parameters show NULL in updated HP SIM provider.

Example:

HPVC_SAController.Name="vmwControllerHPSA1",CreationClassName="HPVC_SAController"
 CreationClassName = HPVC_SAController
 Name = vmwControllerHPSA1
 PowerManagementCapabilities = (NULL)
 ResetCapability = (NULL)
 OtherDedicatedDescriptions = (NULL)
 Dedicated = (NULL)
 NameFormat = (NULL)
 TransitioningToState = 12
 AvailableRequestedStates = (NULL)
 TimeOfLastStateChange = (NULL)
 EnabledDefault = 2
 RequestedState = 12

I think HP has called back the bundle, you may see similar error message below if you already download the patch and upgrade to Update Manager 5.1 then.

VMware vSphere Update Manager had an unknown error. Check the events and log files for details.

After upgrade to Update Manager 5.1
Cannot download software packages from patch source. Check the events and the Update Manager log for download details.

After remove "data" folder in Update Manager 5.1
No way to avoid the error message except filter your baseline to exclude HP patches.

Another blogger also described same situation here.

Unknown status of Hardware Acceleration

When I read VMware documents, there is a cool feature Hardware Acceleration I found in storage book. That recall me an outage about one year ago, our NetApp filer was crashed due to motherboard problem, part of datastores was failed, we have to move virtual machine from the filer to other. We noticed the storage vMotion performance was pretty high, the data moving speed was 2 times less than regular storage vMotion. That’s the advantage of Hardware Acceleration.

The first thing of this year is standardize the virtualization environment. I found an interesting problem when I checked the Hardware Acceleration part, same luns show different status on different ESXi 5 host of a cluster, some of the hosts show Hardware Acceleration enabled, and some show Unknown.

The storage is EMC Clarion CX series with ALUA enabled, I found working hosts attached VAAI filter, non-working hosts had nothing.

Working Host

Figure 1   Working Host

Non-working Host

Figure 2   Non-working Host

ESXi 5 automatic attach different filter according to lun properties, that issue indicates the lun properties was different on different ESXi 5 host, that’s a storage layer issue, after troubleshooting with EMC, we found Failover Mode of luns was different on each host, the Failover Mode should be 4 instead of default 1.

Please be aware of that storage activity on particular host will interrupt when you change Failover Mode, please put the host in maintenance mode first.

Regarding Failover Mode, I had discussion with a storage engineer, he told me different storage vendor have different name for “Failover Mode”, some storage vendor may request choose OS type of target machine. For EMC, there are 5 modes, please refer to page 10 on EMC document

How to remove multiple snapshot by PowerCLI

My SMVI backup job was crashed few days ago, the stupid application generated a lot of snapshots for virtual machine!!! It’s  hundred!

I really don’t like to remove one by one! That’s what I used to clean up the snapshot.

Get-VM | Get-Snapshot -Name smvi* | Remove-Snapshot

I used wildcard smiv*, it means all snapshot that name start with smvi.

Unable to find new lun when you try to extend vmfs datastore

You probably see this rare problem: your storage team allocate new lun to esxi 5.0 host, lun is visible in add new storage screen, but invisible in extend datastore  screen.

Add new storage screen:

Add storage screen

Increase datastore capacity:

Increase datastore capacity screen

 

That’s because the datastore, lun is connected to multiple esxi / esx host which have different version, please be sure storage is connected to same version of esxi / esx host.